Olga Aryasova (Inst. of Geophysics, Nat. Acad. of Sciences of Ukraine / Friedrich–Schiller–Univ. Jena)
David Dereudre (Lille, Frankreich)
We consider the bond percolation model on the lattice Zd (d≥2) with the constraint to be fully connected. Each edge is open with probability p∈(0,1), closed with probability 1−p and then the process is conditioned to have a unique open connected component (bounded or unbounded). The model is defined on Zd by passing to the limit for a sequence of finite volume models with general boundary conditions. Several questions and problems are investigated: existence, uniqueness, phase transition, DLR equations. Our main result involves the existence of a threshold 0<p∗(d)<1 such that any infinite volume process is necessary the vacuum state in subcritical regime (no open edges) and is non trivial in the supercritical regime (existence of a stationary unbounded connected cluster). Bounds for p∗(d) are given and show that it is drastically smaller than the standard bond percolation threshold in Zd. For instance 0.128<p∗(2)<0.202 (rigorous bounds) whereas the 2D bond percolation threshold is equal to 1/2.