Olga Aryasova (Inst. of Geophysics, Nat. Acad. of Sciences of Ukraine / Friedrich–Schiller–Univ. Jena)
John Huerta and Leon Escobar
|16:15||John Huerta (Lisbon)||G2 and the rolling ball|
Understanding the exceptional Lie groups as the symmetry groups of simpler objects is a long-standing program in mathematics. Here, we explore one famous realization of the smallest exceptional Lie group, G2: Its Lie algebra g2 acts locally as the symmetries of a ball rolling on a larger ball, but only when the ratio of radii is 1:3. Using the split octonions, we devise a similar, but more global, picture of G2: it acts as the symmetries of a `spinorial ball rolling on a projective plane', again when the ratio of radii is 1:3. We describe the incidence geometry of both systems, and use it to explain the mysterious 1:3 ratio in simple, geometric terms.
|17:45||Leon Escobar (Tübingen)||A pseudo-spectral approach for the numerical treatment of the initial value problem in spherical manifolds
In this talk we introduce a pseudo-spectral approach based on the spin-weighted spherical harmonics for the treatment of the initial value problem on manifolds topologically equivalent to the two-sphere. Additionally, as an application to general relativity, we use this method for finding numerical solutions of an hyperbolic formulation of the constraints equations.