Dr. Pierre Clavier

ehemaliger Mitarbeiter


Research Interests

I am a mathematical physicist, working on various subjects centered around quantum field theory (QFT) and number theory. More precisely a short list of my current research interests is:

  • Locality structures and applications:

Locality plays a crucial role in QFT. In particular, in perturbative QFT, it is implemented through the requirement that renormalisation map has to be an algebra morphism (for the concatenation product of Feynman graphs) and is realised by a Birkhoff-Hopf factorisation. We have defined locality structures as symmetric partial structures in order to implement the concept of locality in mathematics. This allow us to build multivariate renormalisation schemes. We were then able to show that minimal subtractions preserve locality.

  • Universal properties of trees:

The Hopf algebra of rooted forests plays an essential role in understanding the combinatorics of renormalisation, as had been made clear through the work of Connes, Kreimer and Foissy among others. This could be seen as a consequence of the universal property of this object, namely that it is the initial object in a category of operated Hopf algebras. I am interested into extending this universal property into the locality structures setting, and also to more rigorously construct objects such as branched zeta values and renormalisation schemes.

  • Branched zeta values:

Branched Zeta Values (BZVs) generalise Multi Zeta Values in the same way that rooted forests generalise words. However the algebraic relations obeyed by BZVs are not, by far, as well known as these of MZVs. I am therefore studying them, in particular by making an extensive use of the universal property of trees. Using combinatorial techniques (e.g. Rota-Baxter algebras) I have been able to describe the relations obeyed by these objects, and in particular that they are algebra morphisms for generalisations of the shuffle and stuffle products.

  • Multivariate renormalisation:

In the usual approaches to renormalisation, one regularisation parameter is used. However, there is no mathematical nor physical reason to use such regularisation schemes. I am working on regularisation schemes where one regularisation variable is introduced for each possible singularity. This uses multivariate complex analysis and locality structure

  • non-perturbative QFT:

With my former PhD advisor Dr. Marc Bellon I am working on non-perturbative aspects of QFTs through Schwinger-Dyson equation. We study these equations in the light of Ecalle's resurgence theory to compute non-perturbative contributions to Green functions. With this approach we have been able to propose a non-perturbative mechanism for mass generation in QFT. We aim to apply it to QCD to compute masses of hadrons.


Here is a very quick description of my education after high school:

  • Since 2015, I am Mitarbeiter at Potsdam University in the Institut für Mathematik.
  • I did my PhD in the University Paris VI, in the mathematical physics group of the LPTHE, under the supervision of Marc Bellon. I defended it in 2015.
  • I received a magistère of Fundamental Physics (speciality theoretical physics) also from the University Paris XI, in 2012. I had my lectures at the Imperial College of London and at the ENS Ulm in Paris.
  • I was awarded a bachelor of Fundamental Physics from the University Paris XI (Orsay) in 2010. Before this I did two years of "classe prépa" and one year at Orsay University.

A more complete description of my experience can be found on my cv.


Here is a link to all my preprints on arXiv:


Detailled list:

  1. Double shuffle relations for arborified zeta value:  arxiv.org/abs/1812.00777
  2. Locality and renormalisation: Universal properties and integrals on trees: arxiv.org/abs/1811.01215
  3. Renormalisation via locality morphisms: arxiv.org/abs/1810.03210
  4. Renormalisation and locality: branched zeta values: arxiv.org/abs/1807.07630
  5. Analyticity domain of a Quantum Field Theory and Accelero-summation: arxiv.org/abs/1806.08254
  6. An algebraic formulation of the locality principe in renormalisation: arxiv.org/abs/1711.0088
  7. Alien calculus and a Schwinger-Dyson equation: two-point function with a nonperturbative mass scale: arxiv.org/abs/1612.07813
  8. Batalin-Vilkovisky formalism as a theory of integration for polyvectors: arxiv.org/abs/1609.02326
  9. A Schwinger-Dyson equation in the Borel plane: singularities of the solution: arxiv.org/abs/1411.7190
  10. Solving a Dyson--Schwinger equation around its first singularity in the Borel plane: link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11467-016-0582-5
  11. Analytic results for Schwinger-Dyson equations with a mass term: arxiv.org/abs/1409.3351
  12. Higher order corrections to the asymptotic perturbative solution of a Schwinger-Dyson equation: arxiv.org/abs/1311.1160


Furthermore, my PhD thesis can be found there:

Analytical and geometric approaches of non-perturbative quantum field theories: arxiv.org/abs/1511.09190



Universität Potsdam

Institut für Mathematik

Campus Golm, Haus 9

Karl-Liebknecht-Straße 24-25

14476 Potsdam